[2009] Large Deformation Analyses of Space-Frame Structures, with Members of arbitrary Cross-Section, Using Explicit Tangent Stiffness Matrices, Based on a von Karman Type Nonlinear Theory in Rotated Reference Frames > Selected Papers

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[2009] Large Deformation Analyses of Space-Frame Structures, with Memb…

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Tech Science Press, CMES, vol.53, no.2, pp.123-152, November 2009

Large Deformation Analyses of Space-Frame Structures, with Members of arbitrary Cross-Section, Using Explicit Tangent Stiffness Matrices, Based on a von Karman Type Nonlinear Theory in Rotated Reference Frames

Author(s): Yongchang Cai, J. K. Paik and S. N. Atluri

Abstract :
This paper presents a simple finite element method, based on simple mechanics and physical clarity, for geometrically nonlinear large rotation analyses of space frames consisting of members of arbitrary cross-section. A co-rotational reference frame, involving the axes of each finitely rotated beam finite-element, is used as the Updated Lagrangian reference frame for the respective element. A von Karman type nonlinear theory of deformation is employed in the co-rotational reference frame of each beam element, to account for bending, stretching, and torsion of each element. An assumed displacement approach is used to derive an explicit expression for the (12x12) symmetric tangent stiffness matrix of the beam element in the co-rotational reference frame. From the finite-displacement vector at each of the two nodes of the beam element, an explicit expression is derived for the matrix of finite rotation of the co-rotational reference frame from the globally-fixed Cartesian reference frame. Thus, this paper provides a text-book example of an explicit expression for the (12x12) symmetric tangent stiffness matrix of a finitely deforming beam element, which can be employed in very simple analyses of large deformations of space-frames. This paper is also a celebration of the genius of Theodore von Karman (original Hungarian name Szöllöskislaki Kármán Tódor) (1881-1963), who received the first U.S. National Medal of Science in 1963, and who first proposed a simple nonlinear theory of plates in 1910, the essential ideas of which theory are adopted in the present paper, for beams of arbitrary cross-sections, in co-rotational reference frames. The present methodologies can be extended to study the very large deformations of plates and shells as well. Metal plasticity may also be included, through the method of plastic hinges, etc.

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