[2016] Methods for determining the optimal arrangement of water deluge systems on offshore installations > Selected Papers

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[2016] Methods for determining the optimal arrangement of water deluge…

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Ocean Engineering, Vol.114, pp.236-249 (2016)

Methods for determining the optimal arrangement of water deluge systems on offshore installations

Author(s): Sang Jin Kim, Dong Hun Lee, Hye Min Hong, Se Hee Ahn, Jeong Beom Park, Jung Kwan Seo, Bong Ju Kim and Jeom Kee Paik

Abstract:
Offshore installations are prone to fire and/or explosion accidents. Fires have particularly serious consequences due to their high temperatures and heat flux, which affect humans, structures and environments alike. Due to the hydrocarbon explosions caused by delayed ignition following gas dispersion, fires can be the result of immediate ignition after gas release. Accordingly, it can be difficult to decrease their frequency, which is an element of risk (risk=frequency×consequence), using an active protection system (APS) such as gas detectors capable of shutting down the operation. Thus, it is more efficient to reduce the consequence using a passive protection system (PSS) such as water spray. It is important to decide the number and location of water deluge systems, thus the aim of this study is to introduce a new procedure for optimising the locations of water deluge systems using the water deluge location index (WLI) proposed herein. The locations of water deluge systems are thus optimised based on the results of credible fire scenarios using a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tool. The effects of water spray and the effectiveness of the WLI are investigated in comparison with uniformly distributed sprays.

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